PubMed Latest Articles

This section contains a feed from PubMed with recent papers on 'ciliopathy', with hyperlinked titles.
When you are on the PubMed site, you can search using any cilia and ciliopathy-related keywords or terms.

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30 January 2023

  • The effect of Dnaaf5 gene dosage on primary ciliary dyskinesia phenotypes
    DNAAF5 is a dynein motor assembly factor associated with the autosomal heterogenic recessive condition of motile cilia, primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). The effects of allele heterozygosity on motile cilia function are unknown. We used CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing in mice to recreate a human missense variant identified in patients with mild PCD and a second, frameshift null deletion in Dnaaf5 . Litters with Dnaaf5 heteroallelic variants showed distinct missense and null gene dosage effects....
  • Functional characteristics and therapeutic potential of SLC41 transporters
    Magnesium (Mg^(2+)) plays an important role in various cellular functions such as protein synthesis, DNA stability, energy metabolism, enzyme and channel activities, and muscle contractility. Therefore, intracellular Mg^(2+) concentration is tightly regulated by multiple Mg^(2+) transporters and channels. So far, various candidate genes of Mg^(2+) transporters have been identified, and the research on their structure and function is currently in progress. The Solute Carrier 41 (SLC41) family,...
  • Pathological consequences of DNA damage in the kidney
    DNA lesions that evade repair can lead to mutations that drive the development of cancer, and cellular responses to DNA damage can trigger senescence and cell death, which are associated with ageing. In the kidney, DNA damage has been implicated in both acute and chronic kidney injury, and in renal cell carcinoma. The susceptibility of the kidney to chemotherapeutic agents that damage DNA is well established, but an unexpected link between kidney ciliopathies and the DNA damage response has also...
  • Subretinal gene therapy delays vision loss in a Bardet-Biedl Syndrome type 10 mouse model
    Blindness in Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is caused by dysfunction and loss of photoreceptor cells in the retina. BBS10, mutations of which account for approximately 21% of all BBS cases, encodes a chaperonin protein indispensable for the assembly of the BBSome, a cargo adaptor important for ciliary trafficking. The loss of BBSome function in the eye causes a reduced light sensitivity of photoreceptor cells, photoreceptor ciliary malformation, dysfunctional ciliary trafficking, and photoreceptor...
  • Ciliary signaling proteins are mislocalized in the brains of Bardet-Biedl syndrome 1-null mice
    In the brain, primary cilia are found on most, if not all, central neurons. The importance of neuronal cilia is underscored by the fact that human diseases caused by primary cilia dysfunction, which are known as ciliopathies, are associated with neuropathologies, including neuropsychiatric disorders and learning and memory deficits. Neuronal cilia are enriched for certain G protein-coupled receptors and their downstream effectors, suggesting they sense and respond to neuromodulators in the...
  • The genetic background of hydrocephalus in a population-based cohort: implication of ciliary involvement
    Hydrocephalus is one of the most common congenital disorders of the central nervous system and often displays psychiatric co-morbidities, in particular autism spectrum disorder. The disease mechanisms behind hydrocephalus are complex and not well understood, but some association with dysfunctional cilia in the brain ventricles and subarachnoid space has been indicated. A better understanding of the genetic aetiology of hydrocephalus, including the role of ciliopathies, may bring insights into a...
  • Predominant Liver Cystic Disease in a New Heterozygotic PKHD1 Variant: A Case Report
    BACKGROUND The polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene codes for fibrocystin-polyductin, a protein that takes part in cell-signaling for cell differentiation, especially in kidney tubules and bile ducts. A homozygous or compound heterozygous defect in this gene can cause autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Polycystic liver disease (PCLD) can also be caused by single heterozygous variants in the PKHD1 gene. ARPKD presents with renal insufficiency and cystic...
  • Successful Transjugular Percutaneous Atrial Septal Defect Closure in a Dextrocardia Patient with Kartagener's Syndrome, Situs Inversus, Interrupted Inferior Vena Cava, and Bilateral Superior Vena Cava
    No abstract
  • Complement-Mediated Thrombotic Microangiopathy with 10 Years of Stable Renal Function After a Year-Long Treatment with Eculizumab with Coincidental Polycystic Kidney Disease
    BACKGROUND Complement-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy (cTMA), is a genetic disease that results when an unchecked alternative complement pathway is triggered by an external factor, resulting in endothelial cell injury with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure, though other organ systems may be involved. CASE REPORT A 5-year-old girl presented with non-bloody diarrhea, hemolysis, renal failure, and thrombocytopenia. She was negative for Shiga toxin. She...
  • Proximity Mapping of CCP6 Reveals Its Association with Centrosome Organization and Cilium Assembly
    The cytosolic carboxypeptidase 6 (CCP6) catalyzes the deglutamylation of polyglutamate side chains, a post-translational modification that affects proteins such as tubulins or nucleosome assembly proteins. CCP6 is involved in several cell processes, such as spermatogenesis, antiviral activity, embryonic development, and pathologies like renal adenocarcinoma. In the present work, the cellular role of CCP6 has been assessed by BioID, a proximity labeling approach for mapping physiologically...
  • Dental Anomalies in Ciliopathies: Lessons from Patients with BBS2, BBS7, and EVC2 Mutations
    CONCLUSIONS: EVC2, BBS2, and BBS7 mutations found in our patients were implicated in malformation syndromes with dental anomalies including tooth agenesis, microdontia, taurodontism, and impaired dentin formation.
  • PDE6D Mediates Trafficking of Prenylated Proteins NIM1K and UBL3 to Primary Cilia
    Mutations in PDE6D impair the function of its cognate protein, phosphodiesterase 6D (PDE6D), in prenylated protein trafficking towards the ciliary membrane, causing the human ciliopathy Joubert Syndrome (JBTS22) and retinal degeneration in mice. In this study, we purified the prenylated cargo of PDE6D by affinity proteomics to gain insight into PDE6D-associated disease mechanisms. By this approach, we have identified a specific set of PDE6D-interacting proteins that are involved in photoreceptor...
  • Drosophila transition fibers are essential for IFT-dependent ciliary elongation but not basal body docking and ciliary budding
    Cilia are highly conserved organelles critical for animal development and perception. Dysfunction of cilia has been linked to a wide spectrum of human genetic diseases, termed ciliopathies.¹^(,)² Transition fibers (TFs) are striking ciliary base structures essential for cilia assembly. Vertebrates' TFs that originate from centriole distal appendages (DAs) mediate basal body docking to ciliary vesicles to initiate ciliogenesis and regulate the entry of ciliary proteins for axoneme assembly via...
  • The role of a ciliary GTPase in the regulation of neuronal maturation of olfactory sensory neurons
    Olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) form embryonically and mature perinatally, innervating glomeruli and extending dendrites with multiple cilia. This process and its timing are crucial for odor detection and perception and continues throughout life. In the olfactory epithelium (OE), differentiated OSNs proceed from an immature (iOSN) to a mature (mOSN) state through well-defined sequential morphological and molecular transitions, but the precise mechanisms controlling OSN maturation remain largely...
  • The Relevance of the Imaging in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Management
    No abstract
  • Quality of life improvements following one year of setmelanotide in children and adult patients with Bardet-Biedl syndrome: phase 3 trial results
    CONCLUSIONS: After 1 year of setmelanotide, patients reported clinically meaningful improvements across multiple health-related quality of life measures. This study highlights the need to address the impaired health-related quality of life in Bardet-Biedl syndrome, and supports utility of setmelanotide for reducing this burden. Trial Registration NCT03746522. Registered November 19, 2018, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03746522 .
  • Liver-restricted deletion of the biliary atresia candidate gene Pkd1l1 causes bile duct dysmorphogenesis and ciliopathy
    CONCLUSIONS: Bile duct ligation of the Pkd1l1-deficient mouse model mirrors several aspects of the intrahepatic pathophysiology of biliary atresia in humans including bile duct dysmorphogenesis, peribiliary fibroinflammation, hepatic arteriopathy, and ciliopathy. This first genetically linked model of biliary atresia, the Pkd1l1 LKO mouse, may allow researchers a means to develop a deeper understanding of the pathophysiology of this serious and perplexing disorder, including the opportunity to...
  • A novel 1.38-kb deletion combined with a single nucleotide variant in KIAA0586 as a cause of Joubert syndrome
    CONCLUSIONS: This finding of a compound heterozygote with a 1.38-kb deletion and c.3303G > A gave a precise genetic diagnosis for the patient, and the novel 1.38-kb deletion also expanded the pathogenic variation spectrum of JBTS caused by KIAA0586.
  • Peripheral and central control of obesity by primary cilia
    Primary cilia are hair-like structures that protrude from the cell surface. They are capable of sensing external cues and conveying a vast array of signals into cells to regulate a variety of physiological activities. Mutations in cilium-associated genes are linked to a group of diseases with overlapping clinical manifestations, collectively known as ciliopathies. A significant proportion of human ciliopathy cases are accompanied by metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes....
  • Mechanism of cystogenesis by Cd79a-driven, conditional mTOR activation in developing mouse nephrons
    Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common genetic disorder arising from developmental and postnatal processes. Defects in primary cilia and their signaling (eg, mTOR) underlie the pathogenesis. However, how mTOR regulates tubular integrity remains unclear. The paucity of faithful models has limited our understanding of pathogenesis and, therefore, the refinement of therapeutic targets. To understand the role of mTOR in early cystogenesis, we studied an in-house mouse model, Cd79a-Cre;Tsc1ff....
  • Polycystin-1 Is a Crucial Regulator of BIN1 Expression and T-Tubule Remodeling Associated with the Development of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
    Cardiomyopathy is commonly observed in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), even when they have normal renal function and arterial pressure. The role of cardiomyocyte polycystin-1 (PC1) in cardiovascular pathophysiology remains unknown. PC1 is a potential regulator of BIN1 that maintains T-tubule structure, and alterations in BIN1 expression induce cardiac pathologies. We used a cardiomyocyte-specific PC1-silenced (PC1-KO) mouse model to explore the relevance of...