PubMed Latest Articles

This section contains a feed from PubMed with recent papers on 'ciliopathy', with hyperlinked titles.
When you are on the PubMed site, you can search using any cilia and ciliopathy-related keywords or terms.

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11 June 2021

  • The Joubert syndrome protein CEP41 is excluded from the distal segment of cilia in C. elegans
    Rare diseases are a fundamental issue in today's world, affecting more than 300 million individuals worldwide. According to data from Orphanet and OMIM, about 50-60 new conditions are added to the list of over 6,000 clinically distinct diseases each year, rendering disease diagnosis and treatment even more challenging. Ciliopathies comprise a heterogeneous category of rare diseases made up of over 35 distinct diseases, including Joubert syndrome (JBTS; OMIM 213300), that are caused by functional...
  • Diagnosis of a case of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease with combined prenatal imaging and genetic testing
    CONCLUSION: The fetus was diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease through combined prenatal ultrasonography and whole exome sequencing. The compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in the fetus. The results have enabled prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for its parents.
  • Novel compound heterozygous CPLANE1 variants identified in a Chinese family with Joubert syndrome
    Joubert syndrome (JS) and JS-related disorders (JSRD) are a group of neurodevelopmental diseases that share the "molar tooth sign" on axial brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), accompanied by cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, ataxia, hypotonia, and developmental delay. To identify variants responsible for the clinical symptoms of a Chinese family with JS and to explore the genotype-phenotype associations, we conducted a series of clinical examinations, including blood tests, brain MRI scans,...
  • Urine concentrating defect as presenting sign of progressive renal failure in Bardet-Biedl syndrome patients
    CONCLUSIONS: Hyposthenuria is a warning sign predicting poor renal outcome in BBS. The pathophysiology of this defect is most likely beyond defective tubular function.
  • The European Rare Kidney Disease Registry (ERKReg): objectives, design and initial results
    CONCLUSIONS: ERKReg is a rapidly growing source of epidemiological information and patient cohorts for clinical research, and an innovative tool to monitor management quality and patient outcomes.
  • Mutations in TP73 cause impaired mucociliary clearance and lissencephaly
    TP73 belongs to the TP53 family of transcription factors and has therefore been well studied in cancer research. Studies in mice, however, have revealed non-oncogenic activities related to multiciliogenesis. Utilizing whole-exome sequencing analysis in a cohort of individuals with a mucociliary clearance disorder and cortical malformation, we identified homozygous loss-of-function variants in TP73 in seven individuals from five unrelated families. All affected individuals exhibit a chronic...
  • The role of splicing factors in retinitis pigmentosa: links to cilia
    Cilia are critical to numerous biological functions, both in development and everyday homeostatic processes. Diseases arising from genetic mutations that cause cilia dysfunction are termed ciliopathies. Several ubiquitously expressed splicing factors have been implicated in the condition Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP), a group of diseases characterised by the progressive degeneration of the retina. In many types of RP the disease affects the modified primary cilium of the photoreceptor cells and...
  • Renal Ciliopathies: Sorting Out Therapeutic Approaches for Nephronophthisis
    Nephronophthisis (NPH) is an autosomal recessive ciliopathy and a major cause of end-stage renal disease in children. The main forms, juvenile and adult NPH, are characterized by tubulointerstitial fibrosis whereas the infantile form is more severe and characterized by cysts. NPH is caused by mutations in over 20 different genes, most of which encode components of the primary cilium, an organelle in which important cellular signaling pathways converge. Ciliary signal transduction plays a...
  • Structure and dynamics of photoreceptor sensory cilia
    The rod and cone photoreceptor cells of the vertebrate retina have highly specialized structures that enable them to carry out their function of light detection over a broad range of illumination intensities with optimized spatial and temporal resolution. Most prominent are their unusually large sensory cilia, consisting of outer segments packed with photosensitive disc membranes, a connecting cilium with many features reminiscent of the primary cilium transition zone, and a pair of centrioles...
  • Tracheal trifurcation: new cases and review of the literature
    CONCLUSION: Tracheal trifurcation is rare and often associated with additional disorders, such as other tracheobronchial anomalies, cardiovascular defects or esophageal malformations, responsible for clinical manifestations and earlier detection. Bronchoscopy is often used for diagnosis, but is invasive and may be incomplete or inconclusive, while CT allows for a noninvasive and correct diagnosis, while also highlighting additional findings in the thorax.
  • Cell-based assay for ciliopathy patients to improve accurate diagnosis using ALPACA
    Skeletal ciliopathies are a group of disorders caused by dysfunction of the cilium, a small signaling organelle present on nearly every vertebrate cell. This group of disorders is marked by genetic and clinical heterogeneity, which complicates accurate diagnosis. In this study, we developed a robust, standardized immunofluorescence approach to accurately diagnose a subset of these disorders. Hereto we determined and compared the cilium phenotype of healthy individuals to patients from three...
  • Oviductal motile cilia are essential for oocyte pickup but dispensable for sperm and embryo transport
    Mammalian oviducts play an essential role in female fertility by picking up ovulated oocytes and transporting and nurturing gametes (sperm/oocytes) and early embryos. However, the relative contributions to these functions from various cell types within the oviduct remain controversial. The oviduct in mice deficient in two microRNA (miRNA) clusters (miR-34b/c and miR-449) lacks cilia, thus allowing us to define the physiological role of oviductal motile cilia. Here, we report that the...
  • Intraflagellar transport
    Cells need to be able to sense different types of signals, such as chemical and mechanical stimuli, from the extracellular environment in order to properly function. Most eukaryotic cells sense these signals in part through a specialized hair-like organelle, the cilium, that extends from the cell body as a sort of antenna. The signaling and sensory functions of cilia are fundamental during the early stages of embryonic development, when cilia coordinate the establishment of the internal...
  • SANS (USH1G) regulates pre-mRNA splicing by mediating the intra-nuclear transfer of tri-snRNP complexes
    Splicing is catalyzed by the spliceosome, a compositionally dynamic complex assembled stepwise on pre-mRNA. We reveal links between splicing machinery components and the intrinsically disordered ciliopathy protein SANS. Pathogenic mutations in SANS/USH1G lead to Usher syndrome-the most common cause of deaf-blindness. Previously, SANS was shown to function only in the cytosol and primary cilia. Here, we have uncovered molecular links between SANS and pre-mRNA splicing catalyzed by the spliceosome...
  • KIAA0753-related skeletal ciliopathy: a ninth case, extending the phenotype and reporting a novel variant
    KIAA0753-related skeletal ciliopathy is a recently described recessive disorder causing skeletal dysplasia and overlapping features of certain ciliopathies; Joubert, Jeune and Oro-facial-digital syndromes. We describe a ninth case that expands the phenotype; a 10-year-old girl with rhizomelic short stature (-5.6 SD), macrocephaly, developmental delay, CNS anomalies (thin corpus callosum, bilateral ventriculomegaly), cone-rod dystrophy, nystagmus, mild conductive hearing loss and recurrent chest...
  • Infant presenting with pyloric stenosis and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA)
    This case report describes a premature male infant born after a pregnancy complicated by oligohydramnios of unknown aetiology but otherwise unremarkable prenatal scans. He had sudden onset of projectile emesis and severe hypertension in the third week of life, and further investigations revealed both pyloric stenosis and polycystic kidneys, at just 36 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA). His course thereafter was complicated by severe refractory hypertension requiring multiple antihypertensive agents...
  • Therapeutic advances in ADPKD: the future awaits
    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder included in ciliopathies, representing the fourth cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD), with an estimated prevalence between 1:1000 and 1:2500. It is mainly caused by mutations in the PKD1 and PKD2 genes encoding for polycystin 1 (PC1) and polycystin 2 (PC2), which regulate differentiation, proliferation, survival, apoptosis, and autophagy. The advances in the knowledge of multiple molecular pathways...
  • Dissecting the role of EYS in retinal degeneration: clinical and molecular aspects and its implications for future therapy
    Mutations in the EYS gene are one of the major causes of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. EYS-retinopathy presents a severe clinical phenotype, and patients currently have no therapeutic options. The progress in personalised medicine and gene and cell therapies hold promise for treating this degenerative disease. However, lack of understanding and incomplete comprehension of disease's mechanism and the role of EYS in the healthy retina are critical limitations for the translation of...
  • Ependymal ciliary motion and their role in congenital hydrocephalus
    CONCLUSION: In humans, it is rare for hydrocephalus to develop solely because of abnormalities in the cilia, and it is highly likely that other factors are also involved along with ciliary dysfunction.
  • Genetic Characterization of a Model Ciliopathy: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome
    Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare ciliopathy affecting multiple organ systems. Patients with BBS are usually diagnosed later in childhood when clinical features of the disease become apparent. In this article, we presented a case of BBS discovered by whole genome sequencing in a newborn with heterotaxy, duodenal atresia, and complex congenital heart disease. Early diagnosis is important not only for prognostication but also to explore ways to mitigate the cone-rod dysfunction and for...
  • Congenital hepatic fibrosis: case report and review of literature
    Congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) is a rare autosomal recessive disease derived from biliary dysgenesis secondary to ductal plate malformation; it often coexists with Caroli's disease, von Meyenburg complexes, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Although CHF was first named and described in detail by Kerr et al. in 1961. Its pathogenesis still remains unclear. The exact incidence and prevalence are not known, and only a...