PubMed Latest Articles

This section contains a feed from PubMed with recent papers on 'ciliopathy', with hyperlinked titles.
When you are on the PubMed site, you can search using any cilia and ciliopathy-related keywords or terms.

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26 July 2021

  • Joubert syndrome: incidence and clinicoradiological description of a genotyped series of seven cases
    CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Joubert syndrome was at least 1 / 20,000 newborns / year. The pontomesencephalic and peduncular radiological alterations were constant. Hypotonia, psychomotor retardation, and thin / long fingers affected all cases.
  • Phosphorylation of H3-Thr3 by Haspin Is Required for Primary Cilia Regulation
    Primary cilia are commonly found on most quiescent, terminally differentiated cells and play a major role in the regulation of the cell cycle, cell motility, sensing, and cell-cell communication. Alterations in ciliogenesis and cilia maintenance are causative of several human diseases, collectively known as ciliopathies. A key determinant of primary cilia is the histone deacetylase HDAC6, which regulates their length and resorption and whose distribution is regulated by the death...
  • Cullin 1 (CUL1) Promotes Primary Ciliogenesis through the Induction of Ubiquitin-Proteasome-Dependent Dvl2 Degradation
    Primary cilia are nonmotile cellular signal-sensing antenna-like structures composed of microtubule-based structures that distinguish them from motile cilia in structure and function. Primary ciliogenesis is regulated by various cellular signals, such as Wnt, hedgehog (Hh), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). The abnormal regulation of ciliogenesis is closely related to developing various human diseases, including ciliopathies and cancer. This study identified a novel primary ciliogenesis...
  • Neonatal polycystic kidney disease: a novel variant
    Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a condition typified by multiple renal cysts and renal enlargement. Classification is usually determined by mode of inheritance-autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD) or autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD). ARPKD frequently presents in fetal life, but here we report a rare case of a family with two siblings diagnosed with ADPKD manifesting in utero with novel genetic findings. During the first pregnancy, enlarged cystic kidneys were noted at the gestational age (GA) of 18...
  • Clinical and genetic heterogeneity of primary ciliopathies (Review)
    Ciliopathies comprise a group of complex disorders, with involvement of the majority of organs and systems. In total, >180 causal genes have been identified and, in addition to Mendelian inheritance, oligogenicity, genetic modifications, epistatic interactions and retrotransposon insertions have all been described when defining the ciliopathic phenotype. It is remarkable how the structural and functional impairment of a single, minuscule organelle may lead to the pathogenesis of highly...
  • Multifaceted roles of centrosomes in development, health, and disease
    The centrosome is a membrane-less organelle consisting of a pair of barrel-shaped centrioles and pericentriolar material and functions as the major microtubule-organizing center and signaling hub in animal cells. The past decades have witnessed the functional complexity and importance of centrosomes in various cellular processes such as cell shaping, division, and migration. In addition, centrosome abnormalities are linked to a wide range of human diseases and pathological states, such as...
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa and Polydactyly in a Patient with a Heterozygous Mutation on the BBS1 Gene
    CONCLUSIONS AND IMPORTANCE: Ascertainment of the inheritance patterns in BBS is an evolving discussion. Our case, a BBS carrier with retinitis pigmentosa and a history of polydactyly, could support previous research suggesting non-Mendelian genetics in this ciliopathy. Furthermore, genetic testing and analyses of additional mutations and variants of uncertain significance could potentially explain the reason for BBS-like phenotype in presumed BBS carriers.
  • The Bardet-Biedl syndrome complex component BBS1 controls T cell polarity during immune synapse assembly
    Components of the intraflagellar transport (IFT) system that regulates the assembly of the primary cilium are co-opted by the non-ciliated T cell to orchestrate polarized endosome recycling and to sustain signaling during immune synapse formation. Here we have investigated the potential role of BBS1, an essential core component of the Bardet-Biedl syndrome complex that cooperates with the IFT system in ciliary protein trafficking, in the assembly of the T cell synapse. We demonstrate that BBS1...
  • Diagnosis of infected kidney cysts in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease
    CONCLUSION: In case of fever, pain in the loin area and high CRP level in patients with ADPKD, it is necessary to exclude infected cysts. MRI of the kidneys with the determination of the ADC level in cysts with limited diffusion on diffusion-weighted images is a highly informative method that allows to clarify the content of cysts.
  • Ciliopathy genes are required for apical secretion of Cochlin, an otolith crystallization factor
    Here, we report that important regulators of cilia formation and ciliary compartment-directed protein transport function in secretion polarity. Mutations in cilia genes cep290 and bbs2, involved in human ciliopathies, affect apical secretion of Cochlin, a major otolith component and a determinant of calcium carbonate crystallization form. We show that Cochlin, defective in human auditory and vestibular disorder, DFNA9, is secreted from small specialized regions of vestibular system epithelia....
  • A ciliopathy complex builds distal appendages to initiate ciliogenesis
    Cells inherit two centrioles, the older of which is uniquely capable of generating a cilium. Using proteomics and superresolved imaging, we identify a module that we term DISCO (distal centriole complex). The DISCO components CEP90, MNR, and OFD1 underlie human ciliopathies. This complex localizes to both distal centrioles and centriolar satellites, proteinaceous granules surrounding centrioles. Cells and mice lacking CEP90 or MNR do not generate cilia, fail to assemble distal appendages, and do...
  • Clinical and genetic characteristics of Korean autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients
    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease. It is characterized by cyst growth in the kidneys, resulting in kidney enlargement and end-stage kidney disease. The polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1) and PKD2 have been identified as genes related to ADPKD and their significance in the molecular pathology of the disease has been studied. A disease-modifying drug has been approved; therefore, it has become important to identify patients at a high...
  • Multicellular modeling of ciliopathy by combining iPS cells and microfluidic airway-on-a-chip technology
    Mucociliary clearance is an essential lung function that facilitates the removal of inhaled pathogens and foreign matter unidirectionally from the airway tract and is innately achieved by coordinated ciliary beating of multiciliated cells. Should ciliary function become disturbed, mucus can accumulate in the airway causing subsequent obstruction and potentially recurrent pneumonia. However, it has been difficult to recapitulate unidirectional mucociliary flow using human-derived induced...
  • The regulatory roles of motile cilia in CSF circulation and hydrocephalus
    CONCLUSIONS: In this review, we briefly discuss the underlying role of motile cilia in CSF circulation and hydrocephalus. We have reviewed cilia and ciliated cells in the brain and the existing evidence for the regulatory role of functional cilia in CSF circulation in the brain. We further discuss the findings obtained for defective cilia and their potential involvement in hydrocephalus. Furthermore, this review will reinforce the idea of motile cilia as master regulators of CSF movements, brain...
  • A discarded synonymous variant in NPHP3 explains nephronophthisis and congenital hepatic fibrosis in several families
    Half of patients with a ciliopathy syndrome remain unsolved after initial analysis of whole exome sequencing (WES) data, highlighting the need for improved variant filtering and annotation. By candidate gene curation of WES data, combined with homozygosity mapping, we detected a homozygous predicted synonymous allele in NPHP3 in 2 children with hepatorenal fibrocystic disease from a consanguineous family. Analyses on patient-derived RNA shows activation of a cryptic mid-exon splice donor leading...
  • The first two non-Finnish HYLS1 variants: Expanding the phenotypic spectrum of hydrolethalus syndrome
    Hydrolethalus syndrome (HLS) is a rare lethal fetal malformation disorder related to ciliogenesis disruption. This condition is more frequent in Finland where a founder missense variant in the HYLS1 gene was identified. No other HYLS1 variant has hitherto been implicated in HLS. We report two unrelated French fetuses presenting with a phenotype of HLS with brain abnormalities, limbs malformations with pre and postaxial hexadactyly and abnormal genitalia. These two fetuses have compound...
  • Centriolar Protein C2cd3 Is Required for Craniofacial Development
    The primary cilium is a ubiquitous, microtubule-based cellular organelle. Primary cilia dysfunction results in a group of disorders termed ciliopathies. C2 domain containing 3 centriole elongation regulator (C2cd3), encodes a centriolar protein essential for ciliogenesis. Mutations in human C2CD3 are associated with the human ciliopathy Oral-Facial-Digital syndrome type 14 (OFD14). In order to better understand the etiology of ciliopathies including OFD14, we generated numerous murine models...
  • Coregulation Analysis of Mechanistic Biomarkers in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease
    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disorder leading to deterioration of kidney function and end stage kidney disease (ESKD). A number of molecular processes are dysregulated in ADPKD but the exact mechanism of disease progression is not fully understood. We measured protein biomarkers being linked to ADPKD-associated molecular processes via ELISA in urine and serum in a cohort of ADPKD patients as well as age, gender and eGFR matched CKD...
  • A Homozygous Synonymous Variant Likely Cause of Severe Ciliopathy Phenotype
    Joubert syndrome (OMIM #213300) is a rare neurodevelopmental disease characterized by abnormal breathing patterns, intellectual impairment, ocular findings, renal cysts, and hepatic fibrosis. It is classified as a ciliopathy disease, where cilia function or structure in various organs are affected. Here, we report a 17-year-old male whose main clinical findings are oculomotor apraxia and truncal ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the characteristic molar tooth sign of Joubert syndrome....
  • Molecular Pathophysiology of Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease
    Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare disorder and one of the most severe forms of polycystic kidney disease, leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in childhood. PKHD1 is the gene that is responsible for the vast majority of ARPKD. However, some cases have been related to a new gene that was recently identified (DZIP1L gene), as well as several ciliary genes that can mimic a ARPKD-like phenotypic spectrum. In addition, a number of molecular pathways involved in the...
  • Usher Syndrome: Genetics of a Human Ciliopathy
    Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive syndromic ciliopathy characterized by sensorineural hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa and, sometimes, vestibular dysfunction. There are three clinical types depending on the severity and age of onset of the symptoms; in addition, ten genes are reported to be causative of USH, and six more related to the disease. These genes encode proteins of a diverse nature, which interact and form a dynamic protein network called the "Usher interactome". In the...